The history of mankind is the history of the struggle for resources, primarily for food. The relative food abundance of recent decades is only a fraction of a second on the evolutionary clock. Therefore, the feeling of satiety is strongly associated with safety and comfort. Fat and sugar are easy sources of energy, and salt is a universal flavor enhancer familiar to mankind since ancient times. Therefore, the brain reacts to the sensations of salt and sweetness by producing “pleasure hormones”, encouraging the body to consume as much sweet, salty, fatty foods as possible. Addiction arises: the need for food even in the absence of hunger, the inability to refuse them even in the presence of more healthy and nutritious alternatives. The executive director of the ANO Research Center “Healthy Nutrition”, candidate of medical sciences, nutritionist-therapist told Pravda.Ru readers about which foods are addictive Svetlana Pavlichenko.

Foods that are addictive

Sweets

Sugar is the body’s fastest source of energy. It consists of simple molecules: glucose and fructose, which instantly enter the bloodstream, causing a surge of strength, stimulate the production of “joy hormones” serotonin and endorphin.

At the same time, processes similar to drug intoxication occur in the brain: neural connections are created that connect sugar consumption with a feeling of euphoria. The insidiousness of sugar is that the surge of energy is short-term: the feeling of cheerfulness quickly passes, giving way to a breakdown. The body demands more and more sugar, addiction is formed.

With the rejection of sugar, symptoms of drug withdrawal occur: sudden mood swings, loss of energy, sudden bouts of hunger. Sleep disturbances are possible, concentration is lost. The weaning period takes about two weeks.

The best way to wean yourself off sugar without unpleasant consequences is to replace sweets with foods high in fiber:

  • fruit,
  • vegetables,
  • whole grain.

They contain complex carbohydrates that are more slowly digested but provide a steady, steady supply of energy for life.

A constant excess of sugar in the diet is fraught with unpleasant consequences:

  • obesity,
  • caries,
  • type 2 diabetes.

There are studies that excess sugar increases the risk of death from cardiovascular diseases. At the same time, a person absolutely does not need sugar: there are other products that provide energy, without a negative effect on health.

Refined flour products

White bread, pizza, hamburger buns are baked from refined flour. Baking from it turns out to be lush and dense, but the nutritional value is close to zero: during processing, the shell and germ, saturated with fiber and vitamins, are removed from the grain.

Refined foods, like sugar, provide a quick but short-lived energy boost and affect the pleasure centers in the brain, creating addiction. At the same time, the body suffers from a lack of nutrients, in particular, B vitamins, which are involved in many metabolic processes.

Fiber is food for the microbiome. Microorganisms living in the intestines not only help to absorb nutrients, but also form immunity, and also participate in the synthesis of the necessary hormones. Fiber deficiency suppresses the vital activity of beneficial bacteria, and opportunistic pathogens appear in their place, which, under adverse conditions, can cause dangerous diseases.

Salty and fatty foods

Salt is a cheap and readily available preservative and flavor enhancer. In moderation, the body needs it, but if abused, salt negatively affects blood vessels, causes swelling, and increases the risk of hypertension. The combination of fat and salt in sausages, smoked meats and chips stimulates the taste buds, making the brain feel comfortable and safe. There are studies that in stressful moments, the need for fatty salty foods increases. You need to understand that this feeling is deceptive, and overeating does not save you from stress, only adding new causes for concern: excess weight and health problems.

Curator Pshenichko Larisa

As an endocrinologist, she treats and diagnoses hormonal disorders; thyroid diseases; pathology of the adrenal glands; diabetes mellitus of the 1st and 2nd type; neuropathy in diabetes mellitus; pituitary tumors; ovarian dysfunction. Carries out correction of body weight and treatment of metabolic syndrome. Deals with the problems of increased hair growth (hirsutism); violations of mineral calcium metabolism of primary and postmenopausal osteoporosis and osteopenia. Practices physiotherapeutic methods for the treatment of acute and chronic ENT pathologies, including the treatment of adenoids; treatment of dorsopathy and osteochondrosis. Conducts physiotherapy in gynecology for acute and chronic diseases, ovarian dysfunction.

Curator Ignatova Olga

He is engaged in the management of patients with distal polyneuropathy, diabetic foot syndrome, treatment of obesity, osteoporosis, endocrine causes of infertility in women and men. Author and co-author of articles, manuals on diabetic polyneuropathy.

Curator Fomina Anastasia

Head of the dental department at Taganka. He treats caries of any complexity, including under a microscope, treats periodontal diseases, specializes in dental restoration, professional teeth cleaning, whitening with modern and sparing techniques.

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