On the first day of the new year, it was customary to remember the hero of the Russian epic Ilya Muromets and the exploits of the heroes of the Fatherland.
In the folk calendar, January 1 is the day of memory of the hero Ilya Muromets, one of the most famous and beloved heroes of Russian epics. On this day, our ancestors remembered the exploits of those who laid down their lives for the Fatherland.
It is generally accepted that the prototype of the epic hero was the Monk Elijah of the Caves, the miracle worker of Murom, before becoming a monk, known as a warrior and defender of the state during the reign of Vladimir Monomakh. On this day, according to traditional ideas, it was necessary to bow to the native land. This is one of the main prescriptions that were strictly observed on January 1. First of all, it was forbidden to work. Perhaps the appearance of this prohibition is due to the fact that the epic hero spent part of his life lying on the stove until he was cured by the kaliks. In addition, on the first day of the new year, it was not customary to sweep the linen outside the threshold of the house – this could bring trouble to the family.
Another ban, which was strictly observed on January 1, is associated with the use of alcohol. The thing is that the day of St. Elijah coincided with the Day of the martyr Boniface, who patronized teetotalers. On this day, it was necessary to take care of the future harvest, for which they knocked on fruit trees with an ax. It was believed that, being frightened, they would certainly bring a rich harvest in the fall. Many signs on January 1 are related to the weather. So, the red sunset said that wheat and peas would be born. The snow that fell that day foreshadowed wealth, and the rain – crop failures and misfortunes. Formerly online edition “Teacher’s newspaper” reportedthat, according to weather forecasts, on January 1, the thermometer will rise to plus 5 degrees, a strong wind is expected, gusts of which can reach 12-15 meters per second. It will not do without rain and ice.