In Taganrog, in the Polytechnic Museum of the Southern Federal University (Chekhov str., 22b), you can get acquainted with the exhibits of the exhibition “Time and Money”. The exposition was prepared jointly with the Bank of Russia. The other day the exhibition was visited by students of the Institute of Management in Economic, Ecological and Social Systems of ITA SFedU. The tour for the children was conducted by Vladimir Abramenko, a representative of the Bank of Russia Branch for the Rostov Region.
The guests of the exposition were able to see how the means of payment in Russia changed, from medieval coins-flakes to modern bank cards.
The exposition of the Bank of Russia tells about the little-known facts of the history of the creation of money in the country, as well as how our ancestors preserved them and how modern technologies help in this today.
- The subject of the exhibition will be of interest to many visitors to the SFedU Polytechnic Museum, given that this is a kind of scientific and methodological center of museum studies in the field of science and technology, and the production of coins and paper banknotes is a complex process that largely shows the level of technical development of the state, – noted expert of the regional Branch of the Bank of Russia Vladimir Abramenko.
The lecturer told the students about the medieval analog of a piggy bank: in Russia, small clay pots – egg-pods were used to store savings, they were filled with small coins, and the neck was sealed. The first financial institutions – banks – appeared in Russia in the 1770s. Often, in addition to money, important documents could be stored in banks, for example, L.N. Tolstoy kept his diaries there.
At the exhibition “Time and Money” Taganrog students learned many more interesting facts. For example, when not only gold and silver, but also copper, the main “money” metal, ceased to be produced for the production of coins, money was made even from unusable captured cannons.
The first paper money in Russia appeared in 1769. Initially, all banknotes looked the same, regardless of the denomination. Over time, paper money of various denominations began to be distinguished by special colors. Thus, even illiterate peasants could determine the denomination of the banknote.
The expert of the Bank of Russia noted that the process of money production in Russia does not stand still. Since the late 1990s, 3D modeling of stamps has been actively used, which makes it possible to produce more detailed images, as well as apply a color image to the surface of the coin, turning the coin not just into a medium of circulation, but into a work of medal art.
Source SFedU press center