The document voted by the parliament is not at all about transgender people, but against domestic violence. For some reason, he is heavily criticized – we found out who and why
Critics of the Istanbul Convention, which Ukraine ratified on June 20, as a rule, have not read it and do not even know what it is about. / Photo: Collage: Today
The Verkhovna Rada supported the Istanbul Convention on the first try – 20 June. Everything passed without noise and dust – 259 deputies voted in favor, 4 – against. It happened so quickly that the opponents of the convention did not even have time to speak out. Only the Rada of Churches timidly urged the parliament not to consider the convention until the end of hostilities. But now it turned out that the document has many opponents.
It is believed that the ratification of the Istanbul Convention is one of the tests for Ukraine’s readiness to join the EU. From the point of view of Europeans, not to ratify means to confirm that Ukraine is not against violence against women. Test passed successfully. How to live on?
Politicians fear the wrath of conservative voters
“Something tells me that Ukraine will repeat the experience of Poland with Turkey and return to the Istanbul Convention. But later, having stuffed itself with bumps. Actually, as it happens with us a lot and often, we return and correct mistakes,” the deputy writes in his FB Sergei Magera.
He makes up his post at the time of consideration of the decision on ratification and is surprised that the Rada supported this decision after all. Mahera’s approach is typical of Ukrainian politicians. They think that the voter will be against it. That’s why Magera decides to ‘abstain’. As well as 28 other deputies, including almost the entire faction of Yulia Tymoshenko.
Tymoshenko’s electorate lives in small towns in central Ukraine – Kyiv, Cherkasy, Kirovohrad regions. All of them are conservative and religious people, so it seems to Yulia Tymoshenko that they will also not approve the Istanbul Convention.
Yulia Tymoshenko surprised many by declaring that she was against the Istanbul Convention. Nothing surprising though…
Probably neither Tymoshenko nor Magera really know what their constituents really think about domestic violence. They judge the opinion of voters on social networks. And there are solid myths.
Myth 1. Why new laws? And the old ones protect everyone perfectly!
There are two types of critics of the convention among ordinary voters. The first text was not read. But they do not approve, because they heard it somewhere. The second read the text because they also heard it somewhere. But they don’t want to get into trouble. Here’s how Alexey Uzerchuk, who writes on Facebook:
“Violent crimes have already been criminalized. And it doesn’t matter if the victim of a violent crime is a woman or not, it’s a violation of rights anyway.”
Uzerchuk is a blogger. Well, as a blogger… There are 3.5 thousand subscribers on his Youtube channel. In fact, it could have been someone else. Opinions, like a blueprint. Typical misconceptions of a person who has not experienced domestic violence. At least as a victim.
Of course, Uzerchuk would have a different opinion if he were the wife of a man named Vasily Lublinsky from Busk, Lviv region. Wife of Vasily Lyublinsky carried statements to the Ministry of Internal Affairs that her husband regularly beats her with a piece of wood or a metal shovel. There was no reaction.
Once, during a beating, Lyublinsky broke a woman’s jaw. Then it was still “accepted and issued.”
He received 1 year in prison. Conditionally.
Ukrainian laws have since changed. Now the sentence would be harsher. But the legislation is still changing too slowly.
Myth 2. Only representatives of the social bottom beat their wives
Domestic violence is often marginalized. They say that this is the fate of the social lower classes. What the hell is going on in the homes of the unemployed, the drunk, the convicted. This opinion is refuted by the story of the Kyiv psychologist Lilia Shevtsova. In 2018 Shevtsova unexpectedly posted on FBthat her husband constantly beats her and subjected her to psychological violence.
She attached a photo to the FB post that frightened the Prosecutor General himself. At that time – Yuriy Lutsenko. He wrote to her in the comments – “a letter to me tomorrow at the GPU.”
Lilia Shevtsova posted this photo on social media and then deleted the post / Photo: tsn.ua
But the main thing in the story of Lilia Shevtsova is different. Frightened friends rushed to her house, having learned that the police had taken her husband. While driving, we found out that the police had already released my husband.
“The husband demands to leave the premises. Like strangers in the apartment. He calls the police,” Yana Baranova wrote under the post. Such is the touch to our justice.
Lilia later deleted her post. Why is not known for certain. Maybe because, according to the legislation of 2018, her husband was threatened with a maximum fine of 150 hryvnias?
Myth 3. We are a special country, other people’s recipes are not suitable
Even when laws are effective, not everyone believes in them. And in developed countries like the US, a woman is often unaware that the law can actually protect her from a sadistic husband.
She does not work, she takes care of her family. They have children in common, what will happen to them? She does not have her own savings – her husband provided for her.
For such reasons, women often go to reconciliation with pugnacious husbands. And couch analysts believe that this is not a problem. This is good and right.
“The convention actually DESERVES WOMEN’S INDIVIDUALITY in such criminal cases. Thus, the investigation should not be terminated if a woman withdraws her statement. It is forbidden to resolve such conflicts by reconciliation of the parties. How magically should this be presented as protecting women’s rights?” Uzerchuk writes.
They also talk about the special structure of Ukraine. But domestic violence is immoral everywhere, and our country has no special features here.
The problem of domestic violence is the same all over the world. Every year in Mexico, Red Shoes Day is held in memory of women killed by their loved ones. / Photo: euronews.com
So it’s not worth reinventing the wheel. There is no need to re-analyze the nature of violence and fight it. All this was invented by the authors of the convention – experts from different countries.
Yes, they point out that if a husband once raised his hand against his wife and went unpunished, he will probably repeat it again. So – in any country, Ukraine is no exception. It proves story of Tatyana Aliyeva, which the drunken future husband hit, consider, on the first date. She forgave him because he promised to stop drinking. And even coded.
“After the birth of my second child, hell began! I even lay in intensive care with broken ribs. And I was afraid to tell the truth. Three years ago, after nine concussions and a broken head, I saw the eyes of frightened children. is in the media and on the Facebook page,” says Tatyana.
“21st century! So what the hell…”
Domestic violence is not necessarily beating. There is also psychological abuse. You can forcibly keep a person at home. Take the kids, take the money.
We have no real responsibility for many types of violence. The Istanbul Convention helps fix that.
There are many more victims of domestic violence in Ukraine than it seems. Many are afraid to talk about it.
“He beat me, I was afraid to scream so that the neighbors would not hear. What would they think?” is one of hundreds of anonymous stories of victims of domestic violence on the website “It seems to me”, which was launched a few years ago by the Institute of Cognitive Modeling, the Red Cross Society of Ukraine and Masha Efrosinina.
Masha Efrosinina, who shocked with her stories against the war, also helps victims of domestic violence / Photo: UNIAN
Although most of these stories are unknown, for 2021 was still registered. 326 thousand cases of domestic violence. Is this not enough?
“Those who are opposed in every possible way to us moving to the EU. The Istanbul Convention is one of the conditions for entry. Even if it weren’t, wtf in the 21st century?” Vladislav Goroshko.
The convention states:
- Crimes committed at home must be investigated, victims protected (art. 1, par. 1a)
- Persecution of former spouses is a type of domestic violence (art. 36, para. 3)
- Considerations of honor, religion, customs cannot be considered a justification for violence (art. 12, p. 5)
- It is necessary to prevent violence not only when it has already happened. People need to be brought up tolerant and tolerant from school (v. 14)
- Victims of domestic violence should be provided with psychological help, shelter, and all information about where they can turn (art. 20, 23, 24)
- Perpetrators of violence do not have to be imprisoned, they can be treated (art. 16)
So what’s wrong here?
The word “gender” is just “gender”, only in English
We have already described two types of opponents of the Istanbul Convention: politicians who are guided by their voters, who are allegedly against it. And the voters themselves, ordinary Ukrainians, who, as a rule, do not know anything about the document ratified by the Rada on June 20. But heard that this document is bad.
Logical question: where did you hear it?
Unfortunately, most likely in the church. Ukrainian churches have long been against the Istanbul Convention. In an address to Parliament, promulgated on the day of ratification – June 20 – they write monstrous things.
For example, they argue that war is not the time to make such decisions. Although it is during times of war that the civilian population, and especially women, suffer violence more than usual. This is stated in the very text of the convention – in its preamble.
They are also concerned about the word “gender” – “the ideological concept of a person’s self-identification.” But the word “gender” is used in the concept only in the sense of “gender”, just in English:
“Violence against women” is understood as a violation of human rights and a form of discrimination against women and means all acts of violence based on gender (sex, – “Today”) on the basis of which can lead to physical sexual, psychological or economic harm or suffering against women “(art. 3, paragraph A)
The church opposes the Istanbul Convention because it suspects that the word “gender” used in its text is something ungodly / Photo: wikipedia.org
The clergy also argue that the convention “carries a threat of perversion of the younger generation of their gender identity, popularization of same-sex relationships.” This is probably because the text of the document contains such a clause regarding education:
“Parties shall take, where appropriate, the necessary steps to include pedagogical material on issues such as equality between women and men, non-stereotypical gender roles, mutual respect, non-violent interpersonal conflict resolution, gender-based violence against women and the right to to personal integrity” (Article 14, paragraph 1).
Non-stereotypical gender roles are, for example, a woman who builds a career and earns more than her husband. Instead of darning socks and cooking borscht. And imagine, she, too, may need protection from domestic violence!
And finally, the priests are convinced that the convention will lead to gender dysphoria among children and young people. What is meant here is not clear, since there is not a word about this in the document.
However, there is another “dangerous” moment. If you live in a gay marriage and beat your gay partner, then you must also answer according to the law. As well as any perpetrator of domestic violence (art. 3, paragraph C).
Doubt? Read the text of the Istanbul Convention for yourself. And draw your own conclusions. Text in Russian.