The next extracurricular lesson of the “Conversations about the Important” cycle, which started in Russian schools this academic year, will be dedicated to the Day of Heroes of the Fatherland. It will take place on December 19th.
This lesson is aimed at forming children’s ideas about the feat and heroism shown by people of different professions, cultivating a positive attitude towards such values as duty and service to the Fatherland, patriotism; on the preservation of historical memory and the connection of generations. Separate scenarios, methodological materials, presentations, videos and creative tasks are offered for schoolchildren of different ages. With them you can familiarize on the project website.
During a half-hour heuristic conversation, the teacher and the children will find out who the hero is, what qualities he should have. Schoolchildren will get acquainted with a presentation dedicated to the heroes of different historical eras. Among the heroes of the 17th century, schoolchildren will be reminded of K. Minin, D. Pozharsky, I. Susanin; XIX century – about A.V. Suvorov and M.I. Kutuzov; XX century – about G.K. Zhukov and Yu.A. Gagarin. The guys will come to the conclusion that heroism is not related to age and profession, it is determined by the personal qualities of a person. They will listen to the song “Hymn of the Heroes of the Fatherland.”
The teacher will also talk about a modern doctor whose name has become known throughout the country in connection with the pandemic. Denis Protsenko, chief physician of the City Clinical Hospital No. 40 in Kommunarka, leads a team that fought the virus, saving people from a serious illness. Denis Protsenko was one of the first to work with COVID-19. Having fallen ill, he self-isolated not at home, but in his own office. He is a professional for whom a person is more important than a disease. Therefore, it was Protsenko who was the first in Moscow to open the doors of his intensive care unit for volunteers, relatives, and even for journalists.
With schoolchildren, they will remember famous heroes and pay attention to the qualities that they possess. Children will also learn about the history of Heroes of the Fatherland Day. This memorable date in Russia is traditionally celebrated on December 9th. On this day, we remember the heroes of our country, their exploits, thank those who have made a significant contribution to the development and strengthening of the security of the state.
Among the heroes, for example, Dmitry Pozharsky and Kuzma Minin will be remembered – they liberated Moscow from the Polish invaders. Ivan Susanin, at the cost of his own life, saved the future Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov from the Polish-Lithuanian detachment during the Russian-Polish war. Alexander Suvorov did not lose any of the 60 battles. Pyotr Bagration distinguished himself during the war with Napoleon. Nikolai Pirogov was the first to use anesthesia, which saved a huge number of wounded soldiers of the Russian army during the Crimean War. In the same war, Pavel Nakhimov organized the defense of Sevastopol. Valery Chkalov made the first ever non-stop flight from the USSR to the USA across the northern latitudes.
They will also discuss with the guys whether heroism is associated with professions, whether there are heroic deeds in peaceful life. They will learn, for example, about Anton Shkaplerov, pilot-cosmonaut and Hero of the Russian Federation. He spent a total of 709 days on the orbital station over several missions, almost a day (21 hours 39 minutes) in outer space. Secondary school students will also be told about Denis Protsenko, the head physician of the City Clinical Hospital No. 40 in Kommunarka.
The teacher will draw the attention of the children to the fact that each time requires its own heroes. In historical moments, moments of external threat, those who defended the country with weapons became heroes. We remember our soldiers of the Great Patriotic War and other battles.
But the cosmonauts (Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin, German Stepanovich Titov, Alexei Arkhipovich Leonov) and those people who prepared their flights also showed heroism. There are heroes even now – these are those who save people in emergency situations: we can recall the heroism of our doctors at the beginning of the pandemic in 2020, the example of pilot Damir Yusupov is known, who was able to land a passenger plane and saved 233 lives.
The video will show the children several stories about the heroism of Russians. So, they learn about the heroism of Sergei Sotnikov. In 1978, a small airport was opened in the village of Izhma in the Komi Republic, which was closed as unnecessary at the beginning of the 2000s, leaving only a helipad. The runway was struck off all registers, was not maintained and was not listed on the maps. For 12 years, on his own initiative, Sergei Sotnikov kept it in order – he cleared vegetation and debris, updated the markings. And on September 7, 2010, it was this runway that saved the lives of the crew and passengers of the Tu-154 of the Yakut airline Alrosa, which made an emergency landing on this runway. So the almost abandoned airport and the person who looks after it every day saved 81 lives. The commander of the Tu-154, Evgeny Novoselov, was presented to the title of Hero of Russia a month later. And Sergei Sotnikov was awarded the medal of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, II degree.